Professional recognition

In Italy professions are divided into two categories:

- legally “non-regulated” professions

- legally “regulated” professions

Non-regulated professions: are those that may practised without the need for holding a specific qualification. These professions are open without bias to both Italian and foreign qualification holders.

Anyone who wishes to practise a non-regulated profession in Italy and who holds a foreign qualification has no need to obtain legal or formal recognition to join the Italian job market.

Examples of professions which are NOT regulated: those including advertising, communication, various artistic and musical sectors (ex. interior designer, actor, dancer, composer, orchestral conductor, musician – instrumentalist, designer, fashion designer, artist, director, stage designer, sculptor, etc.), linguistic services (interpreters and translators), marketing, and many others besides.

It could prove useful to attach a document describing the characteristics of the foreign qualification: this allows a potential employer to understand it better.

Regulated professions: are those whose practice is regulated by national legislation. The law establishes both the minimum qualification necessary and the further requisites of training in the practice of the profession (for ex. internship and/or State exam for a professional license) and the norms of the professional code of ethics.

The practice of such professions is protected by law and is limited exclusively to persons qualified according to the specific legislation for the type of regulated profession.

Those who hold a foreign professional qualification need the recognition of the competent Italian authority in order to legally practise the corresponding profession in Italy.

“Professional qualification” means the title which allows the practice of a specific regulated profession in the Country which issued it.

Italy recognises foreign professional qualifications (the so-called professional recognition) by applying:

  • community legislation to qualifications emanating from the EU; more precisely the 2005/36/EC and 2013/55/EU directives, which define the recognition of the foreign profession: the competent Italian authority may subordinate recognition to compensatory measures (aptitude test or adaptive internship);
  • Articles 49-50 of Presidential Decree n. 394/99, and the following Presidential Decree 334/04, for qualifications emanating from outside the EU, through which the possibility of professional recognition via compensatory measures for non-EU qualifications is foreseen.

For further information a Help centre for recognition of professional qualifications has been set up within the Department for European Policies of the Prime Minister’s Office (e-mail:

For further information kindly consult the following website:

For information regarding professional recognition of foreign qualifications in Italy, kindly contact the competent authorities or the Help centre for professional qualification recognition. 

CIMEA has no authority for such procedures, and will therefore decline to answer questions linked to professional recognition.

The Italian authorities charged with undertaking professional recognition and the relative professions under their jurisdiction are indicated below (this is not a complete list).

Ministry of Health

Professions: Biologist; Chemist; Dietician; Educator; Pharmacist; Physiotherapist; Nurse; Speech therapist; Doctor/Specialised Doctor; Orthodontist; Obstetrician; Optician; Chiropodist; Psychologist; Psychotherapist; Audiometrician; Acoustic aid technician; Cardiovascular pathophysiology technician; Environmental and workplace prevention technician; Psychiatric rehabilitation technician; Neurophysiopathology technician; Orthopedic technician; Biomedical laboratory sanitary technician; Medical radiology sanitary technician; Childhood neuro- and psychomobility therapist; Veterinarian.

Ministry of Justice

Professions: Stockbroker; Junior forest expert and agronomist; Agricultural technician; Social services assistant; Actuary; Junior Actuary; Solicitor; Agrarian biotechnologist; Employment specialist; Doctor in agronomy and Doctor in forest sciences; Chartered accountant; Doctor in psychological techniques applied to social contexts, organization and employment; Doctor in psychological techniques applied to personal and social services; Geologist; Surveyor; Journalist; Engineer; Agricultural specialist; Industrial specialist; Accountant; Food technologist; Zoonomist.

Ministry of Education, University and Research – Department for the system of education and training

Professions: Elementary school teacher; Primary school teacher; Secondary school teacher (lower and/or higher).

Ministry of Education, University and Research - Department for higher education and research

Professions: Architect; Town and country planner; Landscape expert; Curator of architectural and environmental resources; Junior architect and junior town and country planner.

Ministry of Employment and Social Policies

Professions: Beautician

Ministry of Economic Development

Professions: Installation of electrical systems; Installation of electronic systems; Installation of plumbing systems; Installation of heating systems; Installation of gas transport systems; Installation of elevator systems; Installation of fire prevention systems; Cleaning activities; Pest control activities; Rodent control activities; Sanitation activities; Coachwork; Car mechanic; Car electrician; Tyre shop; Porterage and goods transport; Commerce representatives (salesman, broker, forwarding agent, shipping broker); Shipping broker; Barber; Hairdresser.

Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities and Tourism

Professions: Travel courier; Tour guide; Technical director of travel agency.

Prime Minister’s Office – Department of regional affairs, autonomous regions and sport

Professions: Ski instructor.

Professions: Mountain guide.