The “credit” system in Italian courses was introduced because of the need to implement the policies deriving from the Bologna Process. Indeed, such a system was non-existent in preceding legislation.
Italy has two different credit systems referring to the two sectors of Italian higher education: university credits (CFU) for universities and academic credits (CFA) for Education for Art, Music and Dance (AFAM) institutions. Both systems are based on the concept of “workload” and are equivalent to the ECTS credit system.
The university credit (CFU) and academic credit (CFA) normally correspond to 25 hours of student work, including individual study. The average quantity of academic work performed by a full-time student in one year is by convention measured as 60 credits.